Brown, Andrew

Brown, Andrew
SUBJECT AREA: Ports and shipping
b. October 1825 Glasgow, Scotland
d. 6 May 1907 Renfrew, Scotland
Scottish engineer and specialist shipbuilder, dredge-plant authority and supplier.
Brown commenced his apprenticeship on the River Clyde in the late 1830s, working for some of the most famous marine engineering companies and ultimately with the Caledonian Railway Company. In 1850 he joined the shipyard of A. \& J.Inglis Ltd of Partick as Engineering Manager; during his ten years there he pioneered the fitting of link-motion valve gear to marine engines. Other interesting engines were built, all ahead of their time, including a three-cylinder direct-acting steam engine.
His real life's work commenced in 1860 when he entered into partnership with the Renfrew shipbuilder William Simons. Within one year he had designed the fast Clyde steamer Rothesay Castle, a ship less than 200 ft (61 m) long, yet which steamed at c.20 knots and subsequently became a notable American Civil War blockade runner. At this time the company also built the world's first sailing ship with wire-rope rigging. Within a few years of joining the shipyard on the Cart (a tributary of the Clyde), he had designed the first self-propelled hopper barges built in the United Kingdom. He then went on to design, patent and supervise the building of hopper dredges, bucket ladder dredges and sand dredges, which by the end of the century had capacity of 10,000 tons per hour. In 1895 they built an enclosed hopper-type ship which was the prototype of all subsequent sewage-dumping vessels. Typical of his inventions was the double-ended screw-elevating deck ferry, a ship of particular value in areas where there is high tidal range. Examples of this design are still to be found in many seaports of the world. Brown ultimately became Chairman of Simons shipyard, and in his later years took an active part in civic affairs, serving for fifteen years as Provost of Renfrew. His influence in establishing Renfrew as one of the world's centres of excellence in dredge design and building was considerable, and he was instrumental in bringing several hundred ship contracts of a specialist nature to the River Clyde.
Principal Honours and Distinctions
Vice-President, Institution of Engineers and Shipbuilders in Scotland.
A Century of Shipbuilding 1810 to 1910, Renfrew: Wm Simons.
Further Reading
F.M.Walker, 1984, Song of the Clyde. A History of Clyde Shipbuilding, Cambridge.

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Andrew Brown (journalist) — Andrew Brown is a British born journalist who has spent most of his career in Hong Kong [ [ Andrew Brown ] ] . He is best known for producing quirky, technology related features for CNN, which he… …   Wikipedia

  • Andrew White (Musiker) — Andrew Nathaniel White III (* 6. September 1942 in Washington D.C.) ist ein US amerikanischer Jazz und R B Musiker (Bassgitarre, Altsaxophon, Oboe, Englischhorn), Autor, Musikwissenschaftler und Musikproduzent. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andrew Lansley — (Oktober 2009) Andrew David Lansley, CBE (* 11. Dezember 1956 in Hornchurch, London Borough of Havering) ist ein britischer Politiker der Conservative Party und seit Mai 2010 Gesundheitsminister …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andrew Brown — may refer to: *Andrew S. Brown, 14th Chairman of the British Computer Society s Young Professionals Group *Andrew Carter Brown (born 1984), Mexican football player *Andrew Brown (baseball) (born 1981), American baseball player *Andrew Brown… …   Wikipedia

  • Andrew Lamar Alexander — (* 3. Juli 1940 im Blount County, Tennessee) ist ein US amerikanischer Politiker und früherer Gouverneur von Tennessee. Seit 2003 ist er US Senator für Tennessee …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andrew Brown (baseball) — Andrew Brown Agent libre Lanceur de relève …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Andrew Cuomo — 56th Governor of New York Incumbent Assumed office January 1, 2011 …   Wikipedia

  • Andrew Adonis, Baron Adonis — (* 22. Februar 1963) ist ein britischer Politiker der Labour Party. Adonis ist seit Mai 2005 Life Peer. Er ist „Parliamentary Under Secretary of State“ im „Department for Children, Schools and Families“. Zuvor war er Akademiker an der Universität …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andrew Sinclair — (born 1935) is a British novelist, historian, critic, and film maker. He was a founding member of Churchill College, Cambridge, and has taught and travelled widely across the world. He currently lives in London and is married to the writer and… …   Wikipedia

  • Andrew Lintner Harris — (* 17. November 1835 im Butler County, Ohio; † 13. September 1915 in Eaton, Ohio) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und von 1906 bis 1909 der 44. Gouverneur von Ohio. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Frühe Jahre 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andrew Phillip Brown — ( * 1951 ) es un botánico australiano. Ha desarrollado su actividad científica en el Departamento de Ambiente y Conservación, Rama de Especies y de Comunidades, Locked Bag 104, Bentley Delivery Centre Algunas publicaciones Hoffman N.; A.P. Brown …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”